Differences Between Damask, Brocade, and Jacquard

Often times, uneducated individuals use the terms damask, brocade, and Jacquard interchangeably with one another. It can often confuse those who are unfamiliar with the world of fabrics. Jacquard is a decorative or woven pattern that is created by using a Jacquard attachment on a loom. The attachment resembles the punch card on a piano. It is purported to offer better versatility and fabric control for the operator of the loom. The Jacquard technique can be applied to a variety of fabrics, and it is commonly used on brocade and damask fabrics. It is commonly used in a variety of apparel and home goods, from tablecloths to bedding.

Brocade is defined as a lavishly decorated, shuttle woven fabric. It is primarily woven from silk; although, it is possible to find brocade constructed from a blend of silk and synthetic fibers. Often, it will be embroidered with gold or silver thread. Brocade can trace its origins back to India, where weaving is a traditional art form. It is typically woven on a loom, and it may or may not be woven using the Jacquard technique. It is also characterized by the manner in which the brocaded or broached parts of the fabric hang in loose groups or are clipped away. Although the scenes and patterns on brocade appear to have been embroidered, the scenes are actually woven into the fabric using advanced weaving techniques that involve manipulating the weft and weave of the fabric. The most common types of scenes depicted on brocade fabric are those of floral prints.

Damask, similarly to brocade, is a fabric that features woven scenes of floral patterns, intricate geometric designs, or simple scenes of domestic life. It may be woven of silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibers. However, it is most commonly created from silk. It is primarily different from brocade in the fact that its woven fabric pattern is reversible, while that of brocade is not. Similarly, shorter weft patterns in damask allow for more subtle effects in the fabric to be created as it plays off of shadow and light. Damask weaves also contain a higher thread count than that of brocade. Double damask weaves are the highest quality of damask produced; however, it is also the most expensive.

Home Improvement Tips For Smart Homeowners

When making improvements to your home, often times small things can make a big difference. Below are six little tips that you may not have thought about, but could be quite helpful in your next home project.

1. Pick out a suitable height for wall outlets. Though most electricians place outlets 12 inches up the wall from the floor, many people find that height is not high enough to be convenient. As an alternative, consider whether 16 inches might be a better height for less bending, and to get the most out of power cord length for tabletop electric items such as lamps.

2. Use a stainless steel taping knife. Use a tool made out of this material for your sheetrock taping to minimize the amount of cleanup time that is needed after the project is done, and to limit any possibility of having rust forming on the knife, which will make it useless for future projects.

3. Recycle old electronics and appliances. Many electronics recycling establishments are popping up all over the nation and will take your out of date electric products for free disposal that is a lot more eco friendly than putting them in the trash to be put into the landfill. If they’re in working condition, see if a charitable organization will take them so that they can be used again for extended life before they’re recycled.

4. Be organized. Know about every major element, each step of the way through the remodeling process. This will help you to ensure that your contractors will all arrive on the right days for tasks to continue progressing. When your electrician arrives at the correct point, for example, it means that the building team won’t need to wait to put up the walls or ceiling.

5. Put in a dormer to turn your attic into livable space. By building a dormer or two into the attic space, a properly constructed attic will receive natural light and added height to make it a much more appealing room. This can give your home a whole new space like a home office, play room for the children, or even a guest bedroom.

6. Measure everything. There is no such thing as guessing or “eyeballing” a measurement when it comes to the perfect home renovation. More often than not, you’ll find that the way that something looked inside a huge store is quite different than the way that it will appear in your residence. You don’t want to end up getting a kitchen island that will consume every square inch of floor space, and returns are costly and time consuming.

Typography Fundamentals

Typography is one of the considerable knowledge and industry fields, based on typefaces. They are an integral part of any graphic design, publishing or typing projects. However, before clashing with fonts' choice that appears to a major issue in design, one should get acquainted with typography fundamentals, accumulated from famous typographers for centuries, including basic terms, styles and principles.

Typography is a primary integral part of any web0design project, as its main purpose is to carry information. In addition, it is an art of text decoration, so it could readable and beautiful at the same time.

Type family is usually mistaken for types or fonts. In sober fact, it is a group of fonts of the same origin, structure and image. It is a set of stylistically similar characters that you can write or print. Type family includes figures, letters and symbols. Font is a narrows concept, which is determined by several factors, such as size and style. In general, Arial is a type family, and Arial Bold is a font of this type family.

Serif fonts or Antiqua embraces all the fonts with small serifs at the top or at the bottom of their characters. They are strongly recommended for large text paragraphs because of their low readability. These are good for headlines and title lines. Serif fonts have been used since the Middle Ages period (for instance, one can pay attention to OldStyle Century). The characteristic feature: the part written at certain angle is usually thin. Beside Old Style Century, the group of old-fashioned Antiqua fonts embrace such type families (remember this term?) Centaur and Goudy Old Style.

The 18th century was a turning point in typography. It was a period of transitional serifs . The difference between wide and thin character lines is strongly visible, which may be observed in numerous fonts of the time – Baskerville, Times New Roman, Caslon, Bookman, Georgia, etc.

Later they were replaced with Slab serifs , which feature the same width of the lines.

Sans serifs or Grotesque fonts appeared at the end of the 18th century. There are four main types of sans serifs: grotesque fonts (Franklin Gothic) are very similar to serif fonts; Neo-Grotesque fonts (Arial. Helvetica), Humanist fonts (Optima, Verdana, Frutiger) are marked with thorough calligraphic letters and Geometric sans serifs are the most advanced modern fonts. The last ones include Metro, Futura, Eurostile, Rodchenko, etc.

There are also some other groups of fonts of equal importance, including Script and Decorative, but mostly they came from basic serifs and sans serif fonts .

Does Chinese Medicine Stand Up To Scientific Scrutiny?

If Chinese medicine interests you, yet you are not certain of its potential, you may well explore the distinctive investigation investigation that has aided many to arrive at agreements as regards to its functionality. Chinese treatment processes are presumed by many to be extremely accomplished, frequently giving rehabilitate effectiveness where the finest studies of Western medication fail, above all with everyday sickness similar to flu and allergies, and able to steer clear of the toxicity of a number of chemically encompassing remedies.

Leaving besides that Chinese medicine has been used as an effective concept for thousands of years, the establishment of modern medicine continues to contend if this is a discerning approach to help with treatment. Although most medical examiners of Western treatment would not believe unreasonable allegations that qigong supports wellbeing by encouraging contentment, that neurotransmitters that soothe pain are created by acupuncture, or that vital biochemical agents are contained within Chinese herbal medicines.

The most contentious science between western and Chinese medicine is the value perceived, as a medication, of acupuncture. It is in general believed to be secure from results achieved through medical research. At this joke no comprehensive resolutions, as regards to whether acupuncture can be contemplated a science, have resolved from the searching studies. Similarly, investigations signify that the principle of meridians, as used in acupuncture, is effective in treatment. Further observations by scientists have realized that because the remedy is undamaging, it may be practiced, and only needs to have additional studies relating to it. Moreover fact-finding is probable to reveal more sectors where the practice of acupuncture would be advantageous.

A further question that has been examined is the use of herbal drugs that are used according to traditional Chinese medicine procedures. While all have not been studied, pharmaceutical treatments that are assigned to patients do make use of contrasting components of the herbs. Artemisinin, wormwood and ephedra, and are some samples of ancient remedies that have been incorporated into Western practice from Chinese models.

Chinese herbal medication includes immeasurable combinations which are undeveloped by modern medicine. There is a remarkable intrigue in these combines between the theories which Chinese treatment practitioners value to establish which compound to designate. Accepting the historical progress of Chinese materia medica, it is likely that, whereas herbs were firstly selected on erroneous foundations, only those that essentially proved efficient have survived in use.

One agreement that all Western fact-finding shows, with the different concepts of Chinese treatment, are how safe the treatments are. Nearly all of the research of Chinese medicine illustrates that, notwithstanding the medicines are not authenticated within the scientific community, they are yet to be found damaging to one's health and side effects are few. As this is a confirmed joke to the holistic procedures, most scientists will validate that it is just a lack of analysis of the medicine employed in Chinese philosophies.

From the philosophy to the practice, Chinese medicine is a contentious approach in Western society. There has been an increase in interpreting the practices of Chinese medicine, that have been adopted and established over time. Using the countless methods of Chinese treatment, for the individuals who are searching for alternative medicine, Chinese medicine keeps it's increasing reputation in Western society.